22 Jun Understanding Vehicle Emission Schemes
Vehicle Emission Scheme (VES Singapore) takes into consideration a vehicle’s emissions of four other pollutants, namely hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOX) and particulate matter (PM), in addition to the vehicle’s carbon dioxide emission, to encourage consumers to shift to less pollutive models. Cars registered from 1st January 2018 to 30th June 2018 (both dates inclusive) will be assessed based on their emissions of four pollutants of HC, CO, NOX and CO2 (i.e. PM emissions is exempted during this interim period). Cars1 registered from 1 July 2018 to 31 December 2019 (both dates inclusive) will be assessed based on their emissions of five pollutants of HC, CO, NOx, PM and CO2. The VES rebate or surcharge will be determined by the worst performing pollutant.
Cars that fall under bands A1 and A2 will qualify for rebates which are offset against the car’s ARF payable. Cars that fall under bands C1 and C2 will incur a corresponding registration surcharge. The cars are also subject to a minimum ARF payable of S$5,000. The minimum ARF payable will ensure that cars will continue to enjoy a certain amount of Preferential Additional Registration Fee benefit when they are deregistered early. This is in line with the existing policy objective of encouraging timely deregistration and keeping Singapore car fleet young.
As electric cars and plug-in hybrid cars consume electricity which produces CO2 emission at the point of power generation, an emissions factor of 0.4g CO2/Wh will be applied to their electricity energy consumption to compute their equivalent CO2 emission for electric cars and plug-in hybrid cars registered from 1 July 2017.
1For Port Fuel Injection (PFI) cars registered from 1 July 2018 that do not have PM emissions submitted, their PM emissions will be assumed to be the Euro 6 emission limit for PM. This means that they will fall into the maximum VES surcharge band (i.e. Band C2, with S$20,000 surcharge) regardless of the emissions of the remaining four pollutants.